Charles J. Dixon and Ollin W. Curtines.
A nanometer is a billionth of a meter, about 1/80,000 of the diameter of a human hair, or 10 times the diameter of a hydrogen atom.
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Nanotechnology - Nanotechnology - Nanofabrication: Two very different paths are pursued. The most common top-down approach to fabrication involves lithographic patterning techniques using short-wavelength. One is a top-down strategy of miniaturizing current technologies, while the other is a bottom-up strategy of building ever-more-complex molecular devices atom by atom.
nanofabrication; nanoimprint; nanotechnology; patterning; phase separation; photolithography; self-assembly. I. driving forces in patterning. In the past 40 years, the minimum dimension of integrated. circuits (ICs) has been shrinking at a rate of 30% smaller. Moore’s law. The International Technology Roadmap for.
The empirical definition of self-assembly is typically given as a phenomenon where the components of a system assemble themselves to form a larger functional unit. This spontaneous organization can be due to direct specific interaction, collective effects, and/or occur indirectly through their environment. This definition mirrors the one provided by Nature. com and is applicable to a variety of components regardless of their dimensions